|Remarks by Ambassador Dai Bing at Security Council Open Debate on UNAMID|
I thank Under-Secretary-General Khare for his briefing. All uniformed and civilian personnel of UNAMID have withdrawn as required by the Council resolution. I wish to take this opportunity to pay tribute to all TCCs and PCCs of UNAMID for their efforts and sacrifices.
Since its inception in 2007, UNAMID has played an important role in maintaining security and stability in Darfur, Sudan. As the first innovative UN-AU joint peacekeeping operation, UNAMID is a success story of UN’s exploration for agile and diverse ways of supporting regional organizations in maintaining peace and security. China hopes that the UN will take stock and looks forward to the Secretary-General’s assessment report to be submitted at the end of October this year. It is hoped that UNAMID will complete its liquidation process, including asset liquidation, methodically in accordance with the financial regulations and rules of the UN, and avoid asset loss and improper disposal.
The Darfur region of Sudan stands at a critical stage of transition from peacekeeping to peacebuilding. The sovereign council and transitional government of Sudan are actively implementing the Juba Peace Agreement, and have taken a series of pragmatic steps to maintain security and stability in Darfur. The inter-communal violence in Darfur needs to be addressed through a holistic approach involving mediation and reconciliation. The international community and the UN country team in Sudan can assist and support the displaced persons affected by violence and conflict.
The Sudanese government bears the main responsibility of protecting civilians in Darfur. Following the withdraw of UNAMID, the UN Integrated Transition Assistance Mission in Sudan can, per its mandate, help the Sudanese government improve its ability to protect civilians, and provide necessary support to the government in implementing its national plan for civilian protection and strengthening its security capacity building. The Security Council should be mindful of the impact of arms embargo on the government's protection of civilians, and should devise and take concrete measures to eliminate such impact.
To achieve security and stability in Darfur, it is imperative to address both the symptoms and root causes of violent conflicts by growing the economy and improving people's livelihood. Due to the impact of COVID-19 and natural disasters, the security situation in Darfur remains precarious. The international community should scale up its support and investment in the peacebuilding efforts in Darfur, help improve Sudan's country-owned development capabilities, properly handle major inducing factors of violent conflict such as land distribution, and effectively improve local livelihoods.
Since 2007, China has been engaged in UNAMID as one of the first countries to contribute peacekeepers to the mission. In the past 13 years, around 5,000 Chinese peacekeepers have actively performed their duties. Two peacekeepers paid the ultimate price for peace and stability in Darfur. China stands ready to work with the rest of the international community in a continuous effort to play a positive role in building peace in Sudan.
Thank you, Madam President.